Conjunctivitis, or red eyes is a  common, self-limiting condition that is typically caused by Viruses(adenovirus). Other pathogens like Bacteria, can cause red eyes in addition to trauma and allergic conditions.
The redness comes from the inflammation of the white of the eye called the sclera or conjunctiva thus conjunctivitis. Red eyes or conjunctivitis is highly contagious, usually for 10-12 days from onset as long as the eyes are red. Patients should avoid touching their eyes, shaking hands, and sharing towels, napkins and pillow cases.
Transmission may occur through accidental inoculation of viral particles from the patient’s hands or by direct eye contact. The infection usually resolves spontaneously within 2-4 weeks.

Dr. Umarashid Guloba
Ag. School doctor

Signs and symptoms

Signs and symptoms of red eyes or conjunctivitis may include the following; Itchy eye, Tearing, Redness, Discharge, Light sensitivity


Generally, a diagnosis of conjunctivitis or red eyes is made on the clinical features alone. Laboratory tests typically are unnecessary.


Treatment of Red eyes or conjunctivitis is supportive. Patients should be instructed to use cold compresses and lubricants, such as chilled artificial tears, for comfort. Topical vasoconstrictors and antihistamines may be used for severe itching in addition to steroids.


Preventing,  Transmission of viral conjunctivitis is important; Avoid shaking hands for greeting and often use hand sanitizer, Wash hands thoroughly and often, Keep hands away from the infected eye and contralateral eye, Avoid sharing towels, linens, and cosmetics, Infected patients should be advised to stay
home from school and work. Visit the health centre for treatment and Those who wear contact lenses should be instructed to discontinue lens wear until signs and symptoms have resolved.